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A mammoth ivory pendant is estimated to be 41,500 years old, making it the oldest decorated jewel in Eurasia

Posted: Dec 4, 2021 19:43 GMT

The results of the study could settle a scientific debate about when humans introduced mobile art to Europe.

A team of scientists analyzed a 41,500-year-old mammoth ivory pendant and concluded that it is possibly the oldest known decorated gem in Eurasia.

The research, published in the journal Scientific Reports last week, looked at a piece of jewelry made from a piece of mammoth tusk and decorated with tiny piercings. The piece was found in 2010 in the Stajnia cave, in Poland, in the layer corresponding to the Paleolithic period.

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“Determining the exact age of this jewelry was critical to its cultural attribution, and we are delighted with the result. This work shows that using the most recent methodological advances in the radiocarbon method allows us to minimize the amount of sampling and achieve highly accurate dates. precise, with a very small range of error, “said the head of the study, Sahra Talamo.

The analysis of the personal ornament and its details were carried out by means of digital processes from micro-tomographic scans. “Through 3D modeling techniques, the findings were virtually reconstructed and appropriately restored, allowing detailed measurements and supporting the description of the decorations, “says co-author Stefano Benazzi.

As for the specifications of the pendant, it has a thickness of 3.7 millimeters, which demonstrates “an amazing precision when carving the punctures and the two holes to wear it,” according to Wioletta Nowaczewska, a member of the research group. In addition, it has a pattern of at least 50 perforations and it is not yet known whether they represent the count of hunted animals or a lunar analema.

Conciliatory discovery

This finding could help settle the scientific debate about when Homo sapiens introduced mobile art to Eurasia. This is because most of these types of discoveries were made in ancient excavations and their chronological attributions remain uncertain.

“If we want to seriously resolve the debate about when mobile art emerged in Paleolithic groups, we need to date by the [método] radiocarbon these ornaments, especially those found during past fieldwork or in complex stratigraphic sequences, “Talamo noted.

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Donna Miller

Donna is one of the oldest contributors of Gruntstuff and she has a unique perspective with regards to Science which makes her write news from the Science field. She aims to empower the readers with the delivery of apt factual analysis of various news pieces from Science. Donna has 3.5 years of experience in news-based content creation, and she is now an expert at it. She loves journalism, and that is the reason, she moved from a web content writer to a News writer, and she is loving it. She is a fun-loving woman who has very good connections with every team member. She makes the working environment cheerful which improves the team’s work productivity.

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