Gov. Andrew Cuomo on Wednesday signed a bill legalizing recreational marijuana in New York.
The transfer comes after the state Legislature green-lit the Marijuana Regulation and Taxation Act after hours of debate late Tuesday.
“It is a historic day in New York — one which rights the wrongs of the previous by placing an finish to harsh jail sentences, embraces an trade that can develop the Empire State’s economic system, and prioritizes marginalized communities so people who have suffered probably the most would be the first to reap the advantages,” Cuomo mentioned in an announcement.
Sure elements of the brand new legislation go into impact instantly.
Anybody with a earlier marijuana conviction that will now be authorized beneath the legislation can have the rap expunged or be resentenced.
And New Yorkers will now be legally allowed to own as much as three ounces of hashish outdoors the house and as much as 5 kilos at residence — and might smoke pot in public the place smoking tobacco is permitted. Nevertheless, smoking weed just isn’t permitted inside colleges, workplaces or automobiles.
The legislation takes hashish off the checklist of managed substances and permits those that are 21 and older to make use of the drug freely. Authorized marijuana might be bought in licensed dispensaries as quickly as subsequent yr.
The bill additionally establishes the Workplace of Hashish Administration to implement a regulatory framework that covers medical, adult-use and cannabinoid hemp. It additionally expands the state’s current medical marijuana and cannabinoid hemp packages.
However will probably be a while earlier than shops hawking authorized weed seem in the state.
Cities, cities, and villages might opt-out of permitting adult-use hashish retail dispensaries or on-site consumption licenses by passing an area legislation by December 31, 2021, or 9 months after the efficient date of the laws.
The localities, nonetheless, can’t opt-out of the adult-use legalization of hashish.
Two mayors on Lengthy Island have already vowed to take action in their municipalities.
The adult-use hashish trade in the state has the potential to convey in $350 million in annual taxes and create 30,000 to 60,000 jobs throughout the Empire State, officers have mentioned.
All hashish taxes will probably be deposited in the state’s particular hashish income fund with 40 p.c going to schooling, 40 p.c to the Neighborhood Grants Reinvestment Fund and 20 p.c to the Drug Remedy and Public Training Fund.
New York Metropolis Mayor Bill de Blasio hailed the passing of the bill throughout his Metropolis Corridor press briefing shortly earlier than Cuomo signed it into legislation.
“Final evening the state Legislature made historical past and acted to proper a improper and legalize marijuana the correct manner,” de Blasio mentioned, including, “It is a massively vital second for the state of New York.”
However NYPD Commissioner Dermot Shea expressed issues with the long-term results and the impression on crime that the legalization of recreational weed would have.
“I fear about what it means for New Yorkers,” Shea informed PIX 11 in an interview Wednesday.
The commissioner known as it a “vital shift,” as he defined that legalization would imply it’s “not going to be a police matter” anymore.
“You go new legal guidelines, you at all times fear in regards to the unintended penalties,” he mentioned.