If the arrival of vaccines towards covid-19 in the nation has given hope to Colombians, the upsurge in violence – regardless of the signing of the Peace Accords in 2016 – in the areas, which for many years have suffered from the armed battle , has been stolen from its settlers.
Within the first 53 days of this 2021, the Institute of Research for Improvement and Peace (Indepaz) has documented 14 massacres in the nationwide territory, which have left 56 fatalities. In different phrases, in Colombia 1.05 folks die each day in a bloodbath.
In the latest massacres, in the municipality of Tumaco (Nariño), between February 20 and 21 —as a result of it was thought that it was just one, however in response to the Ministry of Protection there have been 4 totally different occasions, which might elevate Indepaz’s figures— have been recorded eleven useless.
In context: Protection Minister confirms that the steadiness of the bloodbath in Tumaco is eleven useless
What worries in regards to the massacres is that not solely have they been growing in 2021, however since 2017 they’ve been growing, and, regardless of the safety councils headed by the Ministry of Protection and the excessive command of the Public Drive, they haven’t stopped.
The data of the United Nations Workplace for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) present that in 2017 there have been 12 massacres that left 49 victims; in 2018 there have been 27, with 105 victims; in 2019 there have been 35, with 113 victims; and, as of December 2020, 66 have been perpetrated, with 255 fatalities.
In 2017, 522 Colombians died in 140 massacres documented by OCHA. However the determine will increase when you begin from the Indepaz data: in 2020 alone there have been 381 murdered in 91 massacres.
The departments most affected
Within the first two months of this year, the departments most affected by the massacres have been Antioquia, with 4 of the 14 massacres perpetrated, adopted by Cauca (3), Nariño (3) Valle del Cauca (2), Caquetá (1) and La Guajira (1).
The particularity is that Antioquia (21), Cauca (14) and Nariño (9) have been additionally the departments in which there have been extra massacres final year, in response to Indepaz. And the three have one thing in widespread: in none of them has the State managed to fill the void left by the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Farc) after the signing of the Peace Accords.
“For the reason that final year of Santos, when the Peace Accords have been signed, the state of affairs was not taken benefit of to create establishments in forgotten areas. The Duque Authorities has not performed so both. Y the void left by the Farc was occupied by legal buildings devoted to drug trafficking, extortion and unlawful mining “, defined Luis Fernando Trejos, physician in American Research and researcher on the battle and post-conflict in Colombia.
The wrestle for legitimacy in these territories, as Diego Restrepo, coordinator of the battle, peace and post-conflict line of the Peace and Reconciliation Basis informed . Colombia in September 2020 – the month in which extra massacres have been registered (16) -, is what has led to assaults towards the civilian inhabitants. And the problem is exacerbated in populations with consolidated group and participation processes.
“In areas with robust Afro, indigenous and peasant group processes, equivalent to northern Cauca, for instance, violence is intensifying: unlawful armed buildings search to interrupt from throughout the train of group participation and group to achieve management, ”stated Restrepo.
What’s the answer?
Specialists equivalent to Trejos and Restrepo agree that the Armed Forces needs to be deployed to fight armed buildings such because the ELN, ‘Clan del Golfo’ or ‘Los Caparros’, however additionally they take into account that establishments must be constructed from and with the communities, since Finally, it’s they who perceive the particularities of their territories.
Juan Carlos Garzón, director of battle dynamics on the Concepts for Peace Basis (FIP), defined: “Now we’ve extra fragmented buildings, with a number of organizations, native affect and, in some instances, regional. They’re actors whose ideology has misplaced power, with sure exceptions ”.
“Solely in Tumaco,” Trejos says, “is there speak of the dispute between 12 bands.” Therefore, the dynamics of the massacres differ on the native degree, which is why options and options are additionally understood from the micro, from the precise to the overall; listening to the communities.
Concerning the massacres in Tumaco, rewards are supplied
Based on the Ministry of Protection, what occurred over the weekend in Tumaco corresponds to 4 totally different homicides “that are allegedly associated to the tried territorial management of Organized Armed Teams ‘Contadores’ and ‘Oliver Sinisterra’”. Therefore, the announcement of rewards with whoever offers info that makes it doable to seek out the leaders of these teams.
– Alias El Gringo chief Oliver Sinisterra and alias Mario 40 chief of the Contadores as much as $ 200 million.
– Alias Albeiro de la Óliver Sinisterra as much as $ 100 million.
– Alias Uriel de los Contadores as much as $ 100 million.
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