Linya was between 17 and 20 years outdated when she died beneath unknown circumstances. His physique was positioned on his again and may assist to know extra about the life of Homo sapiens in the Iberian Peninsula.
The Cova Gran de Santa Linya It’s a rocky archaeological website situated in Lleida, in southern Spain. Explored for not less than 18 years by the Middle for the Examine of Archaeological Heritage of the Autonomous College of Barcelona (CEPARQ), it’s a key website to study extra about the life of historic people in the peninsula.
Inside, they’ve found stone instruments, spearheads and different indications that recommend that the numerous semi-vaults of the place functioned as a pure refuge for Neanderthals and Homo sapiens a thousand years ago.
Picture: Dr T. Dell / Wikimedia
Nonetheless, human stays had by no means been found at the website earlier than, till the discovering of a phalanx at a distant website he stunned archaeologists in the space.
In the summer time of 2020, following the path of the phalanx, archaeologists found two femurs, the pelvis, stays of the forearm and legs. In a while, way more diffuse stays of the backbone, ribs, and cranium have been unearthed, all buried at two meters deep in a rocky space some forty meters away from the preliminary finds.
The analyzes present that it was a younger woman, between 17 and 20 years outdated, who died roughly 14,100 years ago in the place and acquired the title of Linya.
The woman was found in a supine place; particularly, face up, with the limbs prolonged and the look in the direction of the sky.
And though this primary indication clearly identified that different people who lived along with her took benefit of the shapes of the cave to introduce her stays into a form pure area of interest, similar that was later buried by rocks that fell on the website, the authors of the investigation are cautious and maintain different hypotheses open.
“The mortuary therapy amongst hunter-gatherers factors to a number of potentialities, starting from an intentional burial, a secondary burial, a partial contribution of the physique, cannibalism or unintended dying. We should consider these eventualities based mostly on the outcomes supplied by the excavation of the house wherein the stays have appeared ”, explains Jorge Martínez-Moreno, CEPARQ researcher.
The workforce will proceed to excavate for definitive proof that Linya’s stays have been deliberately disposed of by different members of the group. The presence of ordifferent objects similar to skins or vegetable fibers may affirm that it was a funeral ritual.
The proof of Homo sapiens that lived throughout the final stage of the Higher Paleolithic (between 20,000 and 12,000 years earlier than our period) in the Iberian Peninsula is scarce.
Not a lot is but identified about the human teams that settled in the Pre-Pyrenees, the southernmost half of the mountain vary with peaks decrease than the coronary heart of the Pyrenees; Nonetheless, it’s possible that the settlements found on this website a refuge from the inclemencies of the Allerød oscillation, an occasion that brought on drastic adjustments in temperature and a rise in rainfall on this area 14 thousand years ago.
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