In the Conquest of Mexico-Tenochtitlan, 500 years in the past, there have been victorious indigenous peoples; that’s to say, the Spaniards, who have been a minority, beat the Mexica, as a result of they fought alongside tens of 1000’s of Tlaxcala Indians and different ethnic teams “who had their very own strategic aims and joined the coalition as a result of it suited them.”
That is one of the hypotheses posed by the historian and anthropologist Federico Navarrete (1964) in his ebook Who conquered Mexico? (Debate), which was offered on the digital platform of Cultural Dissemination of the Cloister, inside the cycle “Mexico 2021. Commemorations and dissidences”, led by Daniel Rodríguez Barrón.
The Aztecs have been the solely ones defeated. Of the 100 thousand conquerors, 99 thousand have been indigenous, who spoke Nahuatl, Totonac and Otomí, and solely a thousand Spaniards. What we name Conquest was a coalition of completely different forces, the solely factor they agreed on was that their enemies have been the Mexica ”, he commented.
Daniel Rodríguez Barrón, author
It clarifies that the natives weren’t the helpers of the Spaniards. “They have been in their territory, they’d sources they usually managed their many troops. And the Spaniards, from July 1519, depended a hundred percent on the care and providers that the natives gave them. They weren’t in a place of power. However, over the centuries, we’ve got been erasing the participation of the indigenous conquerors and magnifying that of the Spanish ”, he affirmed.
For that reason, he added, “we should transfer in the direction of a brand new time period, not that of Conquest, however types of alliance and alternate; we should rethink present Mexican society. Neither is it true that the Spaniards got here alone, however that they introduced Africans, Moors, and Jews with them. Mexico is greater than the Spanish-Indian miscegenation ”.
The researcher added that “the trauma of the Conquest is an idea that arose in the 19th century, when the victor was taken away from these indigenous conquerors. The concept of turning the Indians into losers is inseparable from a course of of dispossession of territories, languages and cultures that’s happening at the moment. It’s a course of of destruction of the Mexican State primarily based on a racist regime ”.
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