07/17/2021 at 12:53 PM CEST
The state of conservation of Doñana may be very poor. That is affirmed by UNESCO, which has proven its concern for this pure space and has given 15 suggestions to the Spanish Authorities. It demands a radical change in the management of the nationwide park and its environment. The worldwide physique has promised that it’s going to proceed to carefully monitor the Andalusian wetland, the largest in Europe.
The scenario in Doñana is of critical concern in the worldwide area, much more so after the current judgment in opposition to Spain of the Court docket of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) for failing to adjust to European environmental legal guidelines in this pure space.
A lot in order that in the 44th World Heritage Committee, which started yesterday and can final till the 31st, of the nearly fifty pure areas in Europe, solely Doñana should cross the examination of this worldwide group.
In relation to water, Unesco requires Spain to urgently implement the Particular Plan of the Forest Crown, also called the “Strawberry Plan & rdquor ;.
This request isn’t any shock to WWF, which final April offered a report, in which it denounced that 80% of the short-term measures of the plan stay unimplemented, though the restrict to take action was December 2019.
Confronted with what he considers a “critical breach& rdquor ;, WWF has as soon as once more requested the Junta de Andalucía to create a particular workplace for the implementation of the Plan, with ample personnel and sources.
Consistent with what WWF has been demanding from the Authorities for years, UNESCO recommends that the sources obtainable to the Guadalquivir Hydrographic Confederation be elevated.
Unesco demands to shut all unlawful wells and farms
Unesco demands to shut all unlawful wells and farmsThis measure is important for the basin group to adjust to its management, management and data of water sources in Doñana. Additionally to ensure the pressing closure of all unlawful wells and farms.
And eventually, for a Strategic plan that defines the extent to which a discount in water consumption is required.
In flip, Unesco pronounces that it’s going to supervise that the new Hydrological Plan response to Doñana’s issues associated to water management.
Likewise, Unesco technicians suggest updating the values that make Doñana a area World Heritage, including new monitoring indicators and rising analysis efforts geared toward understanding the relationships between hydrology and ecology in Doñana.
As well as, Unesco has requested the State to create a “buffer zone& rdquor; that features the pure park (pre-park), the Ramsar space, the total space declared by the EU as Natura 2000 and different protected areas in the instant basins.
It additionally recommends that the Spanish State consolidate a proposal for Marine Protected Space adjoining to the present protected space, which incorporates the potential marine values of pure significance and which might be built-in into this World Heritage website.
Compliance with these suggestions, in line with WWF, would symbolize a necessary advance, since they’ll permit Unesco to observe in a extra satisfactory and exact manner the environmental issues which are affecting the Doñana Nationwide Park, however that originate exterior its authorized limits and enhance the resilience of the wetland in the face of local weather change.
“We’ll ask the Spanish administrations that these suggestions be supervised by the Doñana & rdquor; Participation Council,” WWF has introduced.
There may be nonetheless time to keep away from collapse
There may be nonetheless time to keep away from collapse“The safety of Doñana meant a milestone in wetland conservation in Europe in the 20th century, we’re in time to keep away from its collapse in the 21st. It’s greater than pressing to behave to forestall Doñana from being proposed in 2023 on the record of locations in hazard & rdquor ;, WWF has added.
Unesco suggestions arrive solely a few days after the historic condemnation of Spain of the CJEU, which agreed with WWF and dominated that the administrations accountable for caring for Doñana should not complying with European legal guidelines, inflicting a critical injury to biodiversity of this distinctive pure area on the planet.
The CJEU concluded that “extreme withdrawals of groundwater & rdquor; in the Pure Space of Doñana they violate neighborhood legislation; particularly, the Water and Habitats Framework Directives.
The ruling confirmed WWF’s repeated complaints for many years earlier than every kind of establishments, warning of the critical environmental deterioration of Doñana and its pure values as a consequence of the “theft of water, the impunity that prevails in the atmosphere and the inaction and lack of efficient measures to forestall it by the Junta de Andalucía and the central State & rdquor ;.
The sentence additionally signifies the inaction of Spain earlier than the adverse results of water withdrawals and it reveals the lack of info on the state of groundwater, primarily attributable to the Administration’s ignorance of unlawful catchments.
The method culminated in this sentence, which started ten years in the past, after WWF’s criticism to the European Fee (EC) for the “abusive and unsustainable extraction of water in the space of Doñana for the intensive cultivation of strawberries & rdquor ;.
Whole inaction and repeated non-compliance by the authorities
“All this, earlier than the whole inaction and repeated non-compliance for years by the authorities Spanish, the city councils of the space, the Junta de Andalucía and the central authorities & rdquor ;, highlights the NGO.
Throughout these ten years, WWF carried out an exhaustive follow-up and contributed to the authorized course of its personal studies ready by consultants and public our bodies that show the “overexploitation and progressive degradation of the aquifer that feeds Doñana and its critical impression on habitats and species, particularly on avifauna and Mediterranean short-term wetlands & rdquor ;.
To all that is added the local weather change: the lack of rainfall and floor contributions in ample amount, which implies that the northern marsh inside the nationwide park has been virtually dry for 2 years. Likewise, the peridunal lagoons of the pure area lose floor constantly and enhance their temporality.
The NGO demands the closure “pressing & rdquor; of all unlawful farms; recuperate the public forests occupied by unlawful agriculture; and instantly shut all unlawful captures which are “stealing & rdquor; the water to Doñana.
Extra demands: urgently implement the deliberate measures for the catchments of Matalascañas; cease the hydraulic infrastructures north of Doñana destined to favor the advance of intensive agriculture; and be certain that European funds should not used to finance new hydraulic infrastructures that injury Doñana “with the excuse of its restoration”.
Lastly, WWF demands to recuperate the Caño Guadiamar, Los Garridos and Veta Alí, thus making certain the arrival of the historic floor flows that flooded the marsh via the Guadiamar basin.
Reference internet: https://www.wwf.es/nuestro_trabajo/donana/
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