It is essential to know the difference between HIV and AIDS, phrases which can be typically confused however have distinctive traits.
You hear folks discuss HIV an infection (human immunodeficiency virus) and AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) as in the event that they have been synonymous, which is a unsuitable concept, since having HIV does not mean having AIDS. We inform you what is the difference between HIV and AIDS.
To be contaminated with HIV is to have been uncovered to the virus, however it does not essentially must develop the illness; in actual fact, you’ll be able to stay with out signs (asymptomatic provider), for a very long time. Right here, the immune system is weakened by the virus that assaults it and, due to this fact, decreases the physique’s capacity to defend itself towards ailments or infections known as “opportunistic”.
For its half, AIDS is a situation brought on by the HIV virus, which strongly assaults the immune system so it stops working successfully, making the physique prone to cancers and uncommon infections. Listed below are the signs of marker ailments, that is, these which can be usually associated to the development of the an infection to the deterioration of the immune system.
How does the HIV virus work?
HIV enters the physique by the bloodstream. Like some other virus, it can not survive independently, however should achieve this inside a cell. This virus has the peculiarity of invading and destroying CD4 lymphocytes, a subgroup of white blood cells, chargeable for directing the functioning of the total immune system.
Inside the CD4 lymphocyte the virus will start to breed till it is destroyed. Then it transmits its genetic info in such a method that new cells will likely be created which, as a substitute of defending the particular person, will destroy the cells that have been speculated to defend him. On this method, as the virus reproduces, the organism turns into extra and extra susceptible, its protection capability being diminished in the presence of different ailments.
Thomas Faull | .
The one option to know for certain if somebody is contaminated with HIV is by a laboratory blood take a look at.
A optimistic consequence solely signifies that the physique has produced antibodies in response to HIV an infection. At no time can it’s mentioned that this individual has AIDS, since the analysis of this illness is solely medical.
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