Educational fashions are required to rework by means of innovation. This should occur in two methods: to supply the particular person with the talents they want within the current – on this sense, they have to be up to date – and people they will want sooner or later – on this sense, they have to be futurized. Each necessities are incompatible with customs and educational inertia.
Is all innovation groundbreaking?
Most of the educational improvements are usually not modern. Let’s bear in mind. In 1937, throughout a polio epidemic, some 315,000 American youngsters had been receiving radio lessons. This identical resolution, transferred to computer systems, was put into observe within the months of confinement, through the worst moments of the COVID-19 pandemic.
We are able to return additional and uncover how issues that are introduced to us right this moment as nice modern adjustments in training had been already proposed centuries in the past. In 1640, Comenius introduced in his Magna Didactics proposals that now, within the 21st century, would be thought of “educational improvements”. For instance, not studying languages ”with the walkers” of grammars and dictionaries and never repeating “like parrots” the teachings of eloquent texts.
We are able to additionally look again to 1762, when Jean-Jacques Rousseau, in his novel Emilio o de la Educación, presents a brand new educational model based mostly on the pure levels of human growth. This model was designed to coach the particular person based mostly on their pursuits, experimentation, and motion, and never by means of imposing self-discipline, memorization, and passive listening. Rousseau had and continues to have many detractors.
Educational innovation or simply know-how?
There are very hanging improvements that, in actuality, are usually not an educational innovation: they solely include the incorporation of technological instruments to the identical educating and studying processes.
Usually, they do “enterprise as regular” in a brand new method. For instance, taking a check on a pc as a substitute of on paper is not an educational innovation, it is a technological innovation. To ensure that it to additionally be educational, it should incorporate new methodologies or didactics.
Utilizing digital actuality to stroll by means of a digitally reconstructed Pompeii, as a substitute of studying an outline of what it was like, is an educational innovation, in addition to a technological one.
Frequent denominator: breaking inertias
Regardless of the case – one thing outdated reused (radio-classes), one thing solely technologically new (laptop examination) or one thing actually new (digital actuality) – any innovation in training has a typical denominator: it is one thing totally different (outdated or new, digital or analog) that breaks in and breaks a circulation of established pedagogical customs.
A customized is a behavior that has crystallized over time and has develop into an inertial method of being or doing. Inertial within the physical-dynamic sense of the time period. That is to say, that method of being or doing stays in its state of fixed motion till one thing else forces it to change that state.
Educational customs work with the identical mechanics. The pedagogical, didactic, methodological habits acquired in a particular historic second, within the absence of a pressure to change them, are perpetuated and develop into customized: in a method of being a instructor or scholar (the roles) and in a method of doing processes teaching-learning (pedagogy). The efficiency of a pressure that shakes behavior is the act of innovation.
There can not and mustn’t be an ideal model
Customs, in flip, are neither good nor dangerous in themselves, however for individuals and inside their important context (historic, social, cultural, financial, political, household, psychological, and many others.). And the educational customs lengthen over the important context of the learner: the concrete and actual scholar. On this sense, there is no summary or “ideal” scholar, that is, outdoors of a context.
And consequently there ought to be no summary or “ideal” training, an training impartial of the context. Effectively, it is not the identical to show or study in the course of the economic revolution than to do it within the digital revolution (or some other revolution that is coming). The data and entry to it are totally different, the data contents are totally different, the talents to accumulate (not solely to be in a position to entry a job, however to dwell in society) are totally different.
Because of this, training or, quite, educational fashions (methodologically and pedagogically articulated contents) should be concrete and dynamic, targeted on attaining the utmost growth of the particular person in all its dimensions inside their context. However not the current context however, and above all, its future context.
Contemplating the potential for an summary and static educational model pushed to the restrict is equal to contemplating that our kids and the kids of the Paleolithic human beings can be shaped inside the identical educational model, study the identical contents and purchase the identical expertise, and survive and dwell efficiently of their respective life contexts.
Replace and futurization
So what is educational innovation? It is nothing greater than the break with the inertia of pedagogical customs in a dynamic strategy of mandatory adaptation to the current and future contexts of the scholar.
It consists, primarily, within the introduction of competences, instruments, content material and areas of data in accordance with important wants –within the broadest sense of this time period: psychological, social, cultural, educational, technical, technological, and many others.– current and, above all, way forward for the scholar.
And exactly as a result of the way forward for the context by which the scholar is going to develop has to advance, training should be futurized: deliberately projecting itself in direction of the potential way forward for the educated particular person and designing a path in direction of what doesn’t but exist.
This is completely incompatible with sustaining the inertia of sure educational customs. If we don’t do it like that, if we don’t break inertia, training “will never cease being outdated” (as María Antonia Casanova says) and, what is worse, it will prepare people who find themselves misplaced and out of context.
This text was initially revealed on The Dialog. Learn the unique.
Carmen Sánchez doesn’t obtain a wage, nor does she work as a marketing consultant, nor does she personal shares, nor does she obtain financing from any firm or group that can profit from this text, and he or she has declared that she lacks related hyperlinks past the educational place cited.